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Important Facts You Need to Know About ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD refers to the group of behavioral symptoms including inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness, ADHD is usually diagnosed between 6 to 12 years of age. Heredity or genetic influence shows to be a strong factor in the occurrence of ADHD, although the exact cause of ADHD is unknown. The other potential factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD include alcohol, smoking or drug abuse during pregnancy, low birth weight, or premature birth (before 37th week of pregnancy). ADHD can occur in patients with any level of intellectual ability, although it is more common for children with learning difficulties. The signs of ADHD may be less obvious and some patients may have problems with one category only such as problem with inattentiveness but not with impulsiveness or hyperactivity. ADHD cannot be cured, although it can be managed by medication, educational support, and advice for affected children and their parents. It is important to always remember that people with ADHD can’t help their behavior and some problems may arise relating to getting ready for school on time, listening and carrying out instructions, being organized, social occasions, or getting your child to sleep at night. The signs and symptoms of ADHD among children and teenagers are well defined, and they are very noticeable before six years old, occurring in more than one situation like at home and school. The behavioral signs of inattentiveness of patient’s with ADHD include difficulty completing and organizing task, unable to listen to and carry out instructions, short attention span, careless mistakes like school work, losing things, appearing forgetful, unable to focus on tasks which are time consuming or tedious, changing tasks constantly, and being easily distracted. For impulsiveness and hyperactivity, the behavioral signs may include unable to sit still especially in quiet or calm surroundings, constantly fidgeting, unable to concentrate or focus on tasks, excessive talking, excessive physical movement, acting without thinking, unable to wait his turn, little or no sense of danger, and interrupting conversations. These signs and symptoms can significantly affect a child’s life most especially when it comes to social interaction, discipline and safety.
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A child with ADHD may also have related conditions such as Tourette’s syndrome, learning difficulties, anxiety disorder (child worries too much or gets nervous all the time), depression, or epilepsy. The medications usually prescribed by doctors in treating ADHD include methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, and guanfacine. These medications can help a patient concentrate or focus better, feel calmer, be less impulsive, and practice and learn new skills.Short Course on Options – What You Need To Know